Disproportionality Fills in the Gaps: Connections between Achievement, Discipline and Special Education in the School-to-Prison Pipeline

Berkeley Review of Education, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2014: 53-87.

36 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2014 Last revised: 30 Dec 2020

See all articles by Subini Annamma

Subini Annamma

Stanford University - Graduate School of Education

Deb Morrison

University of Washington - College of Education

Darrell Jackson

University of Wyoming - College of Law

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

The focus on the achievement gap has overshadowed ways in which school systems constrain student achievement through trends of racial disproportionality in areas such as school discipline, special education assignment, and juvenile justice. Using Critical Race Theory, we reframe these racial disparities as issues of institutionalized racism. First, we examine specific education policies and laws that contribute to racialized populations becoming part of the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Second, using a state-level case study in Colorado, we illustrate through critical race spatial analysis the increasing overrepresentation of students of color as they move through the School-to-Prison Pipeline from public schools to the juvenile justice system. Finally, we discuss suggestions for improving racial equity and reducing the flow of the School-to-Prison Pipeline.

Keywords: school-to-prison-pipeline, Critical Race Theory, special education

JEL Classification: J71, J78, K00, K39, K49, I20

Suggested Citation

Annamma, Subini and Morrison, Deb and Jackson, Darrell, Disproportionality Fills in the Gaps: Connections between Achievement, Discipline and Special Education in the School-to-Prison Pipeline (2014). Berkeley Review of Education, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2014: 53-87., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2512330

Subini Annamma

Stanford University - Graduate School of Education ( email )

485 Lasuen Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-3096
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://ed.stanford.edu/faculty/subini

Deb Morrison

University of Washington - College of Education ( email )

Seattle, WA
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://education.uw.edu/people/eddebwashingtonedu

Darrell Jackson (Contact Author)

University of Wyoming - College of Law ( email )

1000 E. University Ave.
Dept. 3035
Laramie, WY 82071
United States
(307) 766-2899 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uwyo.edu/law/directory/darrell-jackson.html

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