Does the Presence of Institutional Investors in Family Banks Affect Profitability and Risk? Evidence from an Emerging Market
44 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 23, 2014
This study aims to investigate whether the presence of institutional investors in family-controlled banks impacts their performance and risk. Using detailed data on Indonesian banks from 2001 to 2008 and controlling for various factors, our results first show that family-controlled banks are less profitable and more risky than other banks. Specifically, family presence, either under the form of direct ownership, pure single majority, or family directors, is related to higher default risk, income variability, and loan risk. However, the presence of institutional investors as a second stage block holder in family controlled banks tends to mitigate and even reverse such behavior by reducing risk-taking and improving performance. Our results are generally robust with regard to endogeneity issues and alternative specifications.
Keywords: Family bank, performance, risk, emerging market, second largest owner, family director
JEL Classification: G21, G28, G32, G34
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