Early Child Care and Child Outcomes: The Role of Grandparents

35 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2014

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the impact of early grandparents' care on child cognitive outcomes, in the short and medium term, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK). Compared with children looked after in a formal care centre, children cared by grandparents (as well as parents) are better in naming objects, but worse in tests concerning basic concepts development, problem-solving, mathematical concepts and constructing ability. In order to assess a causal link between early care and child outcomes, we employ panel methods and instrumental variables techniques that confirm that grandparental care matters more for naming ability while formal care is more important for problem-solving ability and basic concepts development.These results hide strong heterogeneities: on the one hand, the positive association between grandparents' care and child outcomes is stronger for children in more advantaged households; on the other hand, the negative association is significant only for children in more disadvantaged households.

Keywords: grandparents, childcare, child cognitive outcomes

JEL Classification: J13, D1, I21

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Piazzalunga, Daniela and Pronzato, Chiara, Early Child Care and Child Outcomes: The Role of Grandparents. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8565. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2514758

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP ( email )

via Santa Croce 77
Trento, 38122
Italy
(+39) 0461 31 2288 (Phone)

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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