Why Do Family Business Groups Expand by Creating New Public Firms? The Role of Internal Capital Markets

66 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2014 Last revised: 31 Aug 2017

Ronald W. Masulis

University of New South Wales - Australian School of Business; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Financial Research Network (FIRN); National University of Singapore (NUS) - Asian Bureau of Finance and Economic Research (ABFER)

Peter K. Pham

Australian School of Business - University of New South Wales; Financial Research Network (FIRN)

Jason Zein

UNSW Business School; Financial Research Network (FIRN)

Date Written: August 16, 2017

Abstract

We document a new channel through which a family business group’s internal capital market supports its members. Using data from 44 countries, we provide evidence that groups use internal capital to incubate difficult-to-finance investment projects, facilitating their access to outside equity in a subsequent IPO. Such support is most observable when an IPO allows the family to maintain corporate control and reduce conglomeration costs, and when new-firm financing barriers are high. Our analysis is robust to an identification strategy exploiting exogenous internal capital variations and documents the channels through which groups provide pre-IPO support to their affiliates.

Keywords: Business Groups, Internal Capital Markets, Financing Constraints, IPOs

JEL Classification: G32

Suggested Citation

Masulis, Ronald W. and Pham, Peter Kien and Zein, Jason, Why Do Family Business Groups Expand by Creating New Public Firms? The Role of Internal Capital Markets (August 16, 2017). ECGI - Finance Working Paper No. 523/2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2515164 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2515164

Ronald W. Masulis

University of New South Wales - Australian School of Business ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia
612-9385-5860 (Phone)
612-9385-6347 (Fax)

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

Financial Research Network (FIRN)

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia, 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.firn.org.au

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Asian Bureau of Finance and Economic Research (ABFER) ( email )

BIZ 2 Storey 4, 04-05
1 Business Link
Singapore, 117592
Singapore

Peter Kien Pham

Australian School of Business - University of New South Wales ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Financial Research Network (FIRN) ( email )

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia, 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.firn.org.au

Jason Zein (Contact Author)

UNSW Business School ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia
+61 2 93855858 (Phone)
+61 2 93855858 (Fax)

Financial Research Network (FIRN)

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia, 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.firn.org.au

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