The MOM-TOM Effect: Detecting the Market Impact of CTA Trading
12 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 28, 2014
Motivated by the explosive growth in CTA assets under management, in combination with the recent poor performance of many managers in this sector, we explore whether the trend-following trading style employed by many CTAs has become crowded. Explicitly, we test for market impact using the following hypothesis: around the turn of the month (TOM), trend-following (MOM) strategies digest sizeable inflows, causing the managers to trade up their existing positions, thereby pushing prices temporarily in their favor. The main empirical test is whether there is an above average return for MOM strategies on TOM days, which we refer to as the MOM-TOM effect. We found a very strong MOM-TOM effect in the Newedge Trend Index returns, with 90% of cumulative returns since 2000 being realized on the three TOM days. In addition, a replicating strategy we designed to closely track the Newedge Trend Index displayed a strong MOM-TOM effect.
Keywords: momentum, trend following, CTA, managed futures, market impact, calendar effect, crowded trade, market efficiency, trading strategy, hedge fund
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation