The Political Legacy of the Gulag Archipelago
32 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 30, 2014
We study the long-run consequences of the Gulag on political preferences in modern Russia. We find that the location of a Gulag camp in a district is positively associated with anti-communist voting during the last Soviet 1991 referendum and the first post-Soviet 1996 presidential election. We interpret these results causally, arguing that Gulag camps provided evidence on Soviet political repression, which, in turn, affected the elections’ results. We provide additional evidence on the validity of the “information” channel.
JEL Classification: N14, P26
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation