Factors of Migration in Urban Bangladesh: An Empirical Study of Poor Migrants in Rahshahi City

13 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2014 Last revised: 2 Nov 2014

See all articles by Dr Khandaker Mursheda Farhana

Dr Khandaker Mursheda Farhana

Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology

Syed Ajijur Rahman

Rajshahi University

Mahfuzur Rahman

Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Division (IMED)

Date Written: November 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper examines the factors of rural-urban migration in Bangladesh. It is found that the underlying cause of migration is mainly driven by economic and social factors i.e., unemployment, poverty, political and ethnic conflicts, religious etc. In the migration process the push factors are more active then pull factors, as poverty and unemployment always push the poor villagers to change their residence to the cities. After migration majority of the migrants comparatively improved their livelihoods in the city. Although poor migrants have contributed significantly to the economic growth and gained from higher wages in higher productivity areas, they remain socially and economically excluded from the wider benefits of economic growth such as access to food and education, housing, sanitation and freedom. The study results highlight the need to target migrant groups and urban poor within urban areas in the provision of availability of work and social care services.

Suggested Citation

Farhana, Dr Khandaker Mursheda and Rahman, Syed Ajijur and Rahman, Mahfuzur, Factors of Migration in Urban Bangladesh: An Empirical Study of Poor Migrants in Rahshahi City (November 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2517201 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2517201

Dr Khandaker Mursheda Farhana (Contact Author)

Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology ( email )

Dhaka, 1230
Bangladesh

Syed Ajijur Rahman

Rajshahi University

Motihar Chattar, Boalia
Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205
Bangladesh

Mahfuzur Rahman

Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Division (IMED)

Dhaka
Bangladesh

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