The EU and Environmental Multilateralism: The Case of Access and Benefit-Sharing and the Need for a Good-Faith Test
Forthcoming in (2013-2014) 16 Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies
Europa Working Paper No 2014/04
37 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2014 Last revised: 6 Nov 2014
Date Written: October 31, 2014
This paper discusses the need for a good-faith test for assessing the legitimacy of ongoing and future EU initiatives aimed at contributing to the development and implementation of international environmental law. A test that is based on the international legal principle of good faith may serve to better understand when the EU is effectively supporting environmental multilateralism to the benefit of the international community, rather than seeking to unduly influence it purely for its own advantage. The test is developed on the basis of EU efforts of contributing to climate change multilateralism, and is applied to a much less studied case: the adoption and implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Keywords: EU, external relations, multilateralism, environmental protection, good faith
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