Timing of Childhood Immigration and Children's Life Chances

47 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2014

See all articles by Are Hermansen

Are Hermansen

University of Oslo - Department of Sociology and Human Geography

Date Written: October 3, 2014

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between the timing of childhood immigration and children’s life chances in adulthood. I analyze panel data on siblings from Norwegian administrative registries which enables me to disentangle the effect of age at arrival on adult socioeconomic outcomes from all fixed family-level conditions and endowments shared by siblings. Findings from sibling fixed-effects models reveal a progressively stronger adverse influence of immigration at later stages of childhood on children’s completed schooling, employment, adult earnings, occupational attainment, and social welfare assistance. The persistence of these relationships within families indicates that experiences related to the timing of childhood immigration have causal effects on later-life outcomes. The effect of age at arrival is heterogeneous across regions of origin. It is strong among childhood immigrants arriving from less-developed origin countries, but weak among children with background from developed countries. In sum, these findings indicate that the timing of childhood immigration after early-life formative periods can impose structural constraints on children’s human capital accumulation and labor market opportunities over the life course.

Keywords: age at arrival, immigration, life course, stratification, sibling fixed effects

JEL Classification: I20, J10, J15, J21, J24, J61, J71

Suggested Citation

Hermansen, Are, Timing of Childhood Immigration and Children's Life Chances (October 3, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2518309 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2518309

Are Hermansen (Contact Author)

University of Oslo - Department of Sociology and Human Geography ( email )

Moltke Moes vei 31
Oslo, N-0851
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/areskeiehermansen/

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