Are Donors Afraid of Charities' Core Costs? Scale Economies in Non-Profit Provision and Charity Selection
40 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2014
Date Written: October 22, 2014
We study contestability in non-profit markets when non-commercial providers supply a homogeneous collective good through increasing-returns-to-scale technologies. Unlike in the case of for-profit competition, in the non-profit case the absence of price-based sales contracts means that fixed costs are directly relevant to donors, and that they can translate into an entry barrier, protecting the position of an inefficient incumbent; or that, conversely, they can make it possible for inefficient newcomers to contest the position of a more efficient incumbent. Evidence from laboratory experiments show that fixed cost driven trade-offs between payoff dominance and perceived risk can lead to inefficient selection.
Keywords: not-for-profit organizations, entry, core funding
JEL Classification: L100, L300, D400
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation