Financial Development and Technology Diffusion
Forthcoming in IMF Economic Review
40 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2014 Last revised: 9 Jan 2019
Date Written: December 2018
We examine the extent to which financial market development impacts the diffusion of 16 major technologies, looking across 17 countries, from 1870 to 2000. We find that greater depth in financial markets leads to faster technology diffusion for more capital-intensive technologies, but only in periods closer to the invention of the technology. In fact, we find no differential effect of financial depth on the diffusion of capital-intensive technologies in the late stages of diffusion or in late adopters. Our results are consistent with a view that local financial markets play a critical role in facilitating the process of experimentation that is required for the initial commercialization and diffusion of technologies.
Keywords: banking, technology diffusion, experimentation, growth.
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