The Two Eschatological Perspectives of the Book of Daniel
Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 91-111, 2016, DOI: 10.1080/09018328.2016.1122292
22 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2014 Last revised: 3 May 2016
Date Written: April 27, 2016
The revelatory traditions found in chs. 2,7-12 of the book of Daniel are exceptional in connecting the historical circumstances pertaining to the persecution under Antiochus IV Epiphanes with the eschatological hopes of the Hebrew Bible. We will argue that the nature of this connection is twofold. On the one hand, for the redactor who gave the book of Daniel its canonical form, the distress associated with Antiochus was the distress associated with the last days. On the other hand, for the original composers of the book of Daniel, the distress associated with Antiochus was only a precursor to the distress associated with the last days. Finally, we will apply the insights gained from making this argument to the question of the book of Daniel’s composition.
Keywords: Daniel, redaction criticism, composition, eschatology, seventy weeks
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