US Reconstruction Aid for Afghanistan: The Dollars and Sense
20 Pages Posted: 12 Nov 2014
Date Written: August 21, 2014
The United States, and its allies, the UN, NGOs, and the World Bank, have injected billions of dollars into what is commonly termed the “reconstruction” of Afghanistan since the war began in 2001. This paper focuses on United States spending on aid in Afghanistan, describing the rationale government officials have given for the aid, what they have spent money on, who has profited from the contracts to provide aid, and what the consequences of that spending have been in terms of benefits to the people of Afghanistan or the United States. The central findings of this review of US government investigative reports and existing field-based scholarship are that reconstruction aid has been allocated primarily to re-arming and policing Afghanistan, with poor or even counterproductive outcomes in both security and other-than-security domains. Furthermore, US companies have been among the primary beneficiaries of this aid, despite widespread fraud, waste, and dysfunction. In contrast to a focus on human needs, and rather than rebuilding the basis of a modern state, reconstruction has been focused on furthering United States security interests. Reconstruction thus sets the foundation for continued violence and impoverishment in the years to come.
Keywords: UN, World Bank, reconstruction, Afghanistan, costs of war, aid relief, fraud, violence, impovershment
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