Nurses Exposure to Workplace Violence in a Large Teaching Hospital in Iran

Int J Health Policy Manag 2014; 3: 301–305. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.98

5 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2014

See all articles by Ehsan Teymourzadeh

Ehsan Teymourzadeh

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Arash Rashidian

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Mohammad Arab

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Ali Akbari Sari

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Seyyed Mostafa Hakimzadeh

Iran University of Medical Sciences

Date Written: November 10, 2014

Abstract

Background:

Workplace violence is one of the factors which can strongly reduce job satisfaction and the quality of working life of nurses. The aim of this study was to measure nurses’ exposure to workplace violence in one of the major teaching hospitals in Tehran in 2010. Methods:

We surveyed the nurses in a cross-sectional design in 2010. The questionnaire was adapted from a standardized questionnaire designed collaboratively by the International Labor Office (ILO), the International Health Organization (IHO), the International Council of Nurses (ICN), and the Public Services International (PSI). Finally, in order to analyze the relationships among different variables in the study, T-test and Chi-Square test were used. Results: Three hundred and one nurses responded to the questionnaire (a response rate of 73%). Over 70% of the nurses felt worried about workplace violence. The participants reported exposure to verbal abuse (64% CI: 59-70%), bullying-mobbing (29% CI: 24-34%) and physical violence (12% CI: 9-16%) at least once during the previous year. Relatives of hospital patients were responsible for most of the violence. Nurses working in the emergency department and outpatient clinics were more likely to report having experienced violence. Nurses were unlikely to report violence to hospital managers, and 40% of nurses were unaware of any existing policies within the hospital for reducing violence. Conclusion:

We observed a considerable level of nurse exposure to workplace violence. The high rate of reported workplace violence demonstrates that the existing safeguards that aim to protect the staff from abusive patients and relatives are inadequate.

Keywords: Workplace Violence; Nurse; Teaching Hospital

Suggested Citation

Teymourzadeh, Ehsan and Rashidian, Arash and Arab, Mohammad and Akbari Sari, Ali and Hakimzadeh, Seyyed Mostafa, Nurses Exposure to Workplace Violence in a Large Teaching Hospital in Iran (November 10, 2014). Int J Health Policy Manag 2014; 3: 301–305. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.98. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2522791

Ehsan Teymourzadeh

Tehran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Number 21, Dameshg St.
Vali-e Asr Ave.
Tehran, 14195
Iran

Arash Rashidian (Contact Author)

Tehran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Number 21, Dameshg St.
Vali-e Asr Ave.
Tehran, 14195
Iran

Mohammad Arab

Tehran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Number 21, Dameshg St.
Vali-e Asr Ave.
Tehran, 14195
Iran

Ali Akbari Sari

Tehran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Number 21, Dameshg St.
Vali-e Asr Ave.
Tehran, 14195
Iran

HOME PAGE: http://ijhpm.kmu.ac.ir

Seyyed Mostafa Hakimzadeh

Iran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Hemmat Hwy
Tehran
Iran

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