Fifty Years Later: The Legacy of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Forthcoming
69 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2014 Last revised: 3 Dec 2014
Date Written: November 25, 2014
This paper assesses the legacy of the Civil Rights Act over the past fifty years, reviewing its history, scope, and impact on wage, employment, and segregation outcomes of the Act’s five protected classes. In addition to improving outcomes for protected classes, the Act launched a period of expanded civil rights legislation and established a framework that allows expansion of coverage through judicial interpretation without requiring passage of new laws. Applications include prohibiting sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination and protection against color discrimination separately from race discrimination, which may be increasingly salient with increased immigration and with a multi-race population.
Keywords: Civil Rights Act, discrimination law, employment law, Title VII, color discrimination, sexual harassment
JEL Classification: J71, J78, K31, N32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation