Fifty Years Later: The Legacy of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Forthcoming

Vanderbilt Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-33

69 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2014 Last revised: 3 Dec 2014

See all articles by Joni Hersch

Joni Hersch

Vanderbilt University - Law School; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Vanderbilt University - Owen Graduate School of Management; Vanderbilt University - College of Arts and Science - Department of Economics

Jennifer Bennett Shinall

Vanderbilt University - Law School

Date Written: November 25, 2014

Abstract

This paper assesses the legacy of the Civil Rights Act over the past fifty years, reviewing its history, scope, and impact on wage, employment, and segregation outcomes of the Act’s five protected classes. In addition to improving outcomes for protected classes, the Act launched a period of expanded civil rights legislation and established a framework that allows expansion of coverage through judicial interpretation without requiring passage of new laws. Applications include prohibiting sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination and protection against color discrimination separately from race discrimination, which may be increasingly salient with increased immigration and with a multi-race population.

Keywords: Civil Rights Act, discrimination law, employment law, Title VII, color discrimination, sexual harassment

JEL Classification: J71, J78, K31, N32

Suggested Citation

Hersch, Joni and Shinall, Jennifer Bennett, Fifty Years Later: The Legacy of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (November 25, 2014). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Forthcoming, Vanderbilt Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-33, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2523481 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2523481

Joni Hersch (Contact Author)

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Vanderbilt University - Owen Graduate School of Management

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Jennifer Bennett Shinall

Vanderbilt University - Law School ( email )

131 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203-1181
United States

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