Privacy, Trusts and Cross-Border Transfers of Personal Information: The Quebec Perspective in the Canadian Context

37:1 Dalhousie Law Journal 256

47 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2014

Date Written: November 17, 2014

Abstract

This paper argues that data protection laws apply to prevent the disclosure of certain information relating to trusts, which are increasingly being used as business and investment vehicles. Given the broad scope of the concept of “personal information” found under both provincial and federal personal information protection statutes, arguments can be made that information relating to trust beneficiaries or trustees, where such beneficiaries or trustees are natural persons, enjoy some level of protection. Even where a trust contains an express choice of law clause providing that the laws of another province or country apply, Quebec conflict of laws rules may point to the application of Quebec’s own personal information protection legislation. Hence, in order to avoid liability, trustees should use caution before disclosing trust-related information where part of the trust’s business operations is outsourced to foreign jurisdictions, or where a foreign authority may request the disclosure of such information.

Keywords: privacy law, trust law, information technology, cross border, personal information, conflict of laws

JEL Classification: K00, K30, K20, K12

Suggested Citation

Gratton, Eloïse and Collins Hoffman, Pierre-Christian, Privacy, Trusts and Cross-Border Transfers of Personal Information: The Quebec Perspective in the Canadian Context (November 17, 2014). 37:1 Dalhousie Law Journal 256, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2524883

Eloïse Gratton (Contact Author)

Borden Ladner Gervais LLP ( email )

1000 de la Gauchetiere West
Suite 900
Montreal, Quebec H3B 5H4
Canada
514 954-3106 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.eloisegratton.com

No contact information is available for Pierre-Christian Collins Hoffman

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