Privacy, Trusts and Cross-Border Transfers of Personal Information: The Quebec Perspective in the Canadian Context
37:1 Dalhousie Law Journal 256
47 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2014
Date Written: November 17, 2014
This paper argues that data protection laws apply to prevent the disclosure of certain information relating to trusts, which are increasingly being used as business and investment vehicles. Given the broad scope of the concept of “personal information” found under both provincial and federal personal information protection statutes, arguments can be made that information relating to trust beneficiaries or trustees, where such beneficiaries or trustees are natural persons, enjoy some level of protection. Even where a trust contains an express choice of law clause providing that the laws of another province or country apply, Quebec conflict of laws rules may point to the application of Quebec’s own personal information protection legislation. Hence, in order to avoid liability, trustees should use caution before disclosing trust-related information where part of the trust’s business operations is outsourced to foreign jurisdictions, or where a foreign authority may request the disclosure of such information.
Keywords: privacy law, trust law, information technology, cross border, personal information, conflict of laws
JEL Classification: K00, K30, K20, K12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation