The Effects of the Unemployment Insurance Payroll Tax on Wages, Employment, Claims and Denials
Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 78, Issue 1-2, October 2000
Posted: 19 Aug 2001
Following a 13-year period when all employers in Washington paid the same unemployment insurance (UI) tax rate, Washington was forced to adopt an experience-rated tax system in 1985. We use this "natural experiment" to explore both tax incidence and the effects of experience rating. We find that industry average tax rates are largely passed on to workers through lower earnings. However, our estimates imply that a firm can shift much less of the difference between its tax rate and the industry average rate. Our results also indicate that experience rating reduces turnover and UI claims, and increases claim denials.
Keywords: Unemployment insurance, Payroll taxes, Incidence, Experience rating, Claim administration, Labor demand
JEL Classification: H22, J65
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