Supply Side Hysteresis: The Case of the Canadian Unemployment Insurance System
Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 78, Issue 1-2, pp. 139-170, October 2000
Posted: 19 Aug 2001
This paper presents results from a 1971 natural experiment carried out by the Canadian government on the unemployment insurance system. At that time, the generosity of the UI system was increased dramatically. We find some evidence that the propensity to collect UI increases with a first-time exposure to the new UI system. Hence, as more individuals experience unemployment, their lifetime use of the system increases. This supply side hysteresis effect may explain why unemployment has steadily increased over the 1972-1992 period, even though the generosity of unemployment insurance did not.
Keywords: Unemployment insurance, Learning, Incentives, Unemployment, Hysteresis
JEL Classification: H53, J64, J65
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation