Youth Education and Work in Mexico

Posted: 7 Jun 2001

See all articles by Deborah Levison

Deborah Levison

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs

Karine S. Moe

Macalester College - Department of Economics

Felicia Marie Knaul

World Health Organization; Fundacion Mexicana para la Salud

Abstract

A holistic approach to schooling in developing countries-considering schooling in conjunction with labor force work, child care, and other household responsibilities-is necessary to construct policies that will encourage greater educational attainment, especially for children and youth in poor families. Using data from the Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Urbano (ENEU), we jointly estimate the determinants of studying and working, doing both, or doing neither for 12 to 17 year-olds in urban Mexico. We consider the implications of defining work to include both labor force employment and household domestic work, in contrast to the traditional definition of market-based employment. Results based on the traditional definition indicate that girls are 13.8 percentage points more likely than boys to specialize in school, while those based on the more inclusive measure of work indicate that girls are 7.7 percentage points less likely than boys to specialize in school.

Keywords: Latin America, Mexico, education, child labor, gender, housework

Suggested Citation

Levison, Deborah and Moe, Karine S. and Knaul, Felicia Marie, Youth Education and Work in Mexico. World Development, Vol. 29, Issue 1, January 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=252807

Deborah Levison

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs ( email )

301 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Karine S. Moe (Contact Author)

Macalester College - Department of Economics ( email )

1600 Grand Ave.
Saint Paul, MN 55105
United States

Felicia Marie Knaul

World Health Organization ( email )

20 Avenue Appia
Geneva 27, CH-1211
Switzerland

Fundacion Mexicana para la Salud ( email )

Periférico Sur 4809
El Arenal Tepepan
Mexico DF, 01700

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