Understanding and Predicting Cyberstalking in Social Media: Integrating Theoretical Perspectives on Shame, Neutralization, Self-Control, Rational Choice, and Social Learning
Proceedings of the Journal of the Association for Information Systems Theory Development Workshop at the 2013 International Conference on Systems Sciences (ICIS 2013), Milan, Italy, December 15
42 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2014 Last revised: 29 Dec 2016
Date Written: December 15, 2013
Cyberstalking has received increasing attention in academia and the public for its pervasive effect on society. However, there has been little comprehensive research concerning the mechanisms of cyberstalking behavior, particularly in social media. In this article, we define cyberstalking and explain how it is dramatically different from real-world stalking, and thus calls for additional taxonomic and theoretical development. Based on an extensive review of the literature and case studies of cyberstalking, we then propose a comprehensive taxonomy of cyberstalking. On this basis, we develop a theoretical model to explain and predict cyberstalking behavior. To better understand cyberstalking, we propose a model that integrates five theories within three levels of prediction: the intrapersonal level (emotional theory, neutralization theory, and self-control theory), the situational level (rational choice theory), and the interpersonal level (social learning theory). On this taxonomic and theoretical foundation, future empirical research should be able to further explain, predict, and test cyberstalking behavior online.
Keywords: Stalking, Cyberstalking, Shame, Neutralization, Self-control, Rational choice theory, Social learning theory of crime, Emotional theory of stalking, Self-control theory, Social media, Deviance
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