Misinformation Effect in Older versus Younger Adults: A Meta-Analysis and Review
Chapter 2 IN: The Elderly Eyewitness in Court, UK: Psychology Press, 2014
30 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2014
Date Written: November 24, 2014
This chapter reports the results of a meta-analysis which revealed that older adults are more susceptible to memory distortion following misleading information compared with young adults. The older the older adults were, the larger the effect (compared with young adults). We recommended some interview techniques that could reduce memory distortion in older adults, such as the Cognitive Interview, source-monitoring questions, encouraging effortful thinking.
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