Importing High Food Prices by Exporting: Rice Prices in Lao Pdr
40 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: November 1, 2014
This paper shows how a developing country, Lao PDR, imports high glutinous rice prices by exporting its staple food to neighboring countries, Vietnam and Thailand. Lao PDR has extensive export controls on rice, generating a sizable difference between domestic and international prices. Controls are relaxed after good harvests, leading to a surge in exports early in the season and rapidly rising prices later in the year. There is thus a strong case for removal of trade restrictions since they give rise to price spikes, keep the long-term price of glutinous rice low, and thereby hinder increases in income from agriculture. Although this is a case study of Lao PDR, the findings may equally apply to other developing countries that export their staple food.
Keywords: Agricultural Trade, Food Security, Nutrition, Agricultural Economics, Trade and Agriculture
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