A Simple, Transparent and Rational Weighting Approach to Combining Different Operational Risk Data Sources
Journal of Operational Risk 10(2), 23–44
22 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2014 Last revised: 9 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 01, 2015
According to the Basel financial regulation, the use of external data is indispensable to the implementation of an Advanced Measurement Approach (AMA) for calculating operational risk capital. This paper aims to provide a simple solution to perhaps the most challenging step of building any capital model for Operational Risk – the integration of internal and external data. We propose a generic weighting function based on a non-parametric approach that can be used to weight the different distributions, in line with the regulatory requirements under the AMA. After analysing the different driving factors and considering the desired sensitivities of the weights, we build and calibrate a weighting function to match all the necessary and relevant conditions. This approach is completely flexible (it can be used with different constraints or it can be adapted so that its sensitivity depends on the risk profile of the bank) while simultaneously being highly tractable.
Keywords: Operational Risk, Mixing, Loss Distribution Approach, Weighting, Anderson-Darling Statistics, Integration of External Data
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