Simulation-Based Analysis of Hominin Cranial Capacity Data
Arachige D (2015) An Analysis of Hominin Cranial Capacity Data Using Simulations. Anthropol 3: 157. doi:10.4172/2332-0915.1000157
Posted: 29 Nov 2014 Last revised: 31 Oct 2016
Date Written: July 20, 2014
The hominin cranial capacity data was reanalyzed using simulations, which emulated the variability in the estimation of cranial capacity of hominin skulls. First, the data was analyzed using k-means clustering to establish the presence of two groups in the data. Then, these datasets were used to estimate the confidence limits for the parameter estimates of Henneberg’s double exponential model. Through these parameter estimates and their confidence limits it could be seen that two models for two time spans identified by cluster analysis were better than a single model for the full span of time. From an analytical perspective, there are indications for a structural change in cranial capacity growth, which is expressed as a rapid increase after a slow growth period. This structural change scenario does not support the rejection of the concept of punctuated equilibrium on the basis of a gradual change.
Keywords: cranial capacity, k-means cluster analysis, simulation, hominin, Hamming distance, Double Exponential Model
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