Ageing in a Long-Term Regeneration Neighbourhood: A Disruptive Experience or Successful Ageing in Place?

21 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2014

See all articles by Reinout Kleinhans

Reinout Kleinhans

Delft University of Technology

Lex Veldboer

University of Amsterdam

Sylvia Jansen

Delft University of Technology

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

The aging population of European cities raises enormous challenges with regard to employment, pensions, health care and other age-related services. The housing preferences of the aging population are changing rapidly where more and more people want to live independent lives for as long as possible. At the same time governments need to reduce the costs of expensive institutionalized care. A precondition for 'ageing in place' is that elderly people perceive their neighbourhoods as familiar and safe places. In the Netherlands, many neighbourhoods with a rapidly ageing population have been subject to urban regeneration policies. Hence, an important question is to what extent these policies affect the housing situation, social support networks and socioeconomic position of elderly people, because these factors strongly assist the ability of elderly people to live independently.We answer this question through the analysis of a small but unique panel data set with 2007 and 2012 measurements from Hoogvliet, a district of Rotterdam. Contrary to claims about large, disrupting impacts of urban regeneration, the results show that – even in times of economic crisis – regeneration in Hoogvliet has enabled 'ageing in place'. There appears no relationship between the Hoogvliet policies and changes in income of elderly people and their ability to get by financially. Those who have moved home often report regeneration benefits, mostly related to accessing better quality housing in the same area. Finally, we found no clear evidence of decreased social support or increased loneliness through regeneration-induced disruption of social networks.

Keywords: ageing in place, urban regeneration, social networks, social support, loneliness, Rotterdam

JEL Classification: J14, O18, R23

Suggested Citation

Kleinhans, Reinout and Veldboer, Lex and Jansen, Sylvia and van Ham, Maarten, Ageing in a Long-Term Regeneration Neighbourhood: A Disruptive Experience or Successful Ageing in Place?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8660, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2534688

Reinout Kleinhans (Contact Author)

Delft University of Technology ( email )

Lex Veldboer

University of Amsterdam

Spui 21
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Sylvia Jansen

Delft University of Technology ( email )

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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