Better Residential than Ethnic Discrimination! Reconciling Audit's Findings and Interviews' Findings in the Parisian Housing Market
41 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2014 Last revised: 30 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 1, 2015
This article investigates discrimination and the interplay of residential and ethnic stigma on the French housing market using two different methods, paired-testing audit study of real estate agencies and face-to-face interviews with real estate agents. The juxtaposition of their findings leads to a paradox: interviews reveal high levels of ethnic discrimination but little to none residential discrimination, while the audit study shows that living in deprived suburbs is associated with a lower probability of obtaining an appointment for a housing vacancy but ethnic origin (signaled by the candidate’s name) has no significant discriminatory effect. We have three priors potentially consistent with this apparent paradox and re-evaluate their likelihood in light of these findings: (i) agents make use of any statistical information about insolvency, including residency; (ii) there are two distinct and independent taste discriminations, one about space and one about ethnicity; (iii) these two dimensions exist and complement each other.
Keywords: Discrimination, Neighborhood Effects, Housing Market
JEL Classification: J71, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation