80 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2014 Last revised: 22 Feb 2018
Date Written: February 21, 2018
We study the extent to which firms rely on the capital markets to fund their payouts. We find that 42% of firms that pay out capital also initiate debt or equity issues in the same year, resulting in 32% of aggregate payouts being externally financed. Most firms that simultaneously raise and distribute capital do not generate enough free cash flow to fund their payouts internally. Firms devote more external capital to finance share repurchases than to avoid dividend cuts. Payouts financed by debt, which allow firms to jointly manage their capital structure and liquidity, are by far the most common.
Keywords: payout policy, financing decisions, debt issues, equity issues, capital structure
JEL Classification: G35; G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation