Effects of Protected Areas on Forest Cover Change and Local Communities: Evidence from the Peruvian Amazon

37 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2015

See all articles by Juan Jose Miranda

Juan Jose Miranda

World Bank

Leonardo Corral

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Allen Blackman

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Gregory Asner

Carnegie Institution for Science - Department of Global Ecology

Eirivelthon Lima

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Date Written: December 13, 2014

Abstract

Protected areas are a cornerstone of forest conservation in developing countries. Yet we know little about their effects on forest cover change or the socioeconomic status of local communities, and even less about the relationship between these effects. This paper assesses whether “win-win” scenarios are possible — that is, whether protected areas can both stem forest cover change and alleviate poverty. We examine protected areas in the Peruvian Amazon using high-resolution satellite images and household-level survey data for the early 2000s. To control for protected areas’ nonrandom siting, we rely on quasi-experimental (matching) methods. We find that the average protected area reduces forest cover change. We do not find a robust negative effect on local communities. Protected areas that allow sustainable extractive activities are more effective in reducing forest cover change but less effective in delivering win-win outcomes.

Keywords: conservation, deforestation, protected areas, poverty, land use, land conservation

JEL Classification: Q56, Q23, Q24, R14, R52

Suggested Citation

Miranda, Juan Jose and Corral, Leonardo and Blackman, Allen and Asner, Gregory and Lima, Eirivelthon, Effects of Protected Areas on Forest Cover Change and Local Communities: Evidence from the Peruvian Amazon (December 13, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2537829 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2537829

Juan Jose Miranda

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Leonardo Corral

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Allen Blackman (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Gregory Asner

Carnegie Institution for Science - Department of Global Ecology ( email )

260 Panama St.
Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Eirivelthon Lima

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

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