Rights of the Child: An Islamic Perspective on Preventing Violence, Abuse, and Exploitation of Children and Pakistani Law
Hamdard Islamicus (October-December 2015), Vol. XXXVIII, No. 4, pp. 33-58.
27 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2014 Last revised: 26 Jan 2016
Date Written: December 14, 2014
This work focuses on the teachings of Islamic law and violence against children, their abuse, and their exploitation. It analyses child labour under Islamic law. In addition, it considers whether a child is responsible under Islamic law if he commits crimes individually or in the company of adults. The main findings of this work are that Islam prohibits violence against children; their abuse is unlawful and their exploitation is banned. Islamic law is against child labour. Islamic law differentiates between adults and children as far as their criminal responsibilities are concerned. Child exploitation, child labour, and selling or buying children for sex are prohibited under the Pakistan Penal Code.
Keywords: Rights of the Child, violence against child, child abuse, child exploitation, child labour, child sex, child punishment, blaming, cursing, spoiling, Pakistan Penal Code, CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
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