Is Africa Different? Historical Conflict and State Development

Economic History of Developing Regions, Vol. 34, No. 2

50 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2014 Last revised: 6 May 2020

See all articles by Mark Dincecco

Mark Dincecco

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

James E. Fenske

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 27, 2019

Abstract

We show new evidence that the consequences of historical warfare for state development differ for Sub-Saharan Africa. We identify the locations of more than 1,600 conflicts in Africa, Asia, and Europe from 1400 to 1799. We find that historical warfare predicts common-interest states defined by high fiscal capacity and low civil conflict across much of the Old World. For Sub-Saharan Africa, historical warfare predicts special-interest states defined by high fiscal capacity and high civil conflict. Our results offer new evidence about where and when "war makes states."

Suggested Citation

Dincecco, Mark and Fenske, James E. and Onorato, Massimiliano Gaetano, Is Africa Different? Historical Conflict and State Development (January 27, 2019). Economic History of Developing Regions, Vol. 34, No. 2, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2538198 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2538198

Mark Dincecco (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/umich.edu/dincecco

James E. Fenske

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Manor Road Building
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom

Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Bologna
Italy

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