Is Africa Different? Historical Conflict and State Development
Economic History of Developing Regions, Vol. 34, No. 2
50 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2014 Last revised: 6 May 2020
Date Written: January 27, 2019
We show new evidence that the consequences of historical warfare for state development differ for Sub-Saharan Africa. We identify the locations of more than 1,600 conflicts in Africa, Asia, and Europe from 1400 to 1799. We find that historical warfare predicts common-interest states defined by high fiscal capacity and low civil conflict across much of the Old World. For Sub-Saharan Africa, historical warfare predicts special-interest states defined by high fiscal capacity and high civil conflict. Our results offer new evidence about where and when "war makes states."
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