Report Cards: The Impact of Providing School and Child Test Scores on Educational Markets
62 Pages Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Date Written: October 29, 2014
We study the impact of providing school and child test scores on subsequent test scores, prices, and enrollment in markets with multiple public and private providers. A randomly selected half of our sample villages (markets) received report cards. This increased test scores by 0.11 standard deviations, decreased private school fees by 17 percent and increased primary enrollment by 4.5 percent. Heterogeneity in the treatment impact by initial school quality is consistent with canonical models of asymmetric information. Information provision facilitates better comparisons across providers, improves market efficiency and raises child welfare through higher test scores, higher enrollment and lower fees.
Keywords: Educational Markets, Information Provision, Private Schools, Market-level Experiments
JEL Classification: O12, I25, L15, L22, D22, D82
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