The Role of Lifelong Learning in Political Stability and Non-Violence: Evidence from Africa

Journal of Economic Studies, 43(1), pp. 141-164 (January, 2016).

30 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2014 Last revised: 22 Dec 2015

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Jacinta Nwachukwu

University of Huddersfield - Business School

Date Written: August 21, 2014

Abstract

Purpose – Education as a weapon in the fight against conflict and violence remains widely debated in policy and academic circles. Against the background of growing political instability in Africa and the central role of the knowledge economy in 21st century development, this paper provides three contributions to existing literature. It assesses how political stability/non-violence is linked to the incremental, synergy and lifelong learning effects of education.

Design/methodology/approach – We define lifelong learning as the combined knowledge acquired during primary, secondary and tertiary education. Principal component analysis is used to reduce the dimensions of educational and political indicators. An endogeneity robust dynamic system Generalized Methods of Moments is used for the estimations.

Findings – We establish three main findings. First, education is a useful weapon in the fight against political instability. Second, there is an incremental effect of education in the transition from secondary to tertiary schools. Third, lifelong learning also has positive and synergy effects. This means that the impact of lifelong learning is higher than the combined independent effects of various educational levels. The empirical evidence is based on 53 African countries for the period 1996-2010.

Practical implications – A plethora of policy implications are discussed, inter alia: how the drive towards increasing the knowledge economy through lifelong learning can be an effective tool in the fight against violence and political insurgency in Africa.

Originality/value – As the continent is nursing knowledge economy ambitions, the paper is original in investigating the determinants of political stability/non violence from three dimensions of education attainment: the incremental, the lifelong learning and a synergy effect.

Keywords: Lifelong learning; Stability; Development; Africa

JEL Classification: I20; I28; K42; O10; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Nwachukwu, Jacinta C., The Role of Lifelong Learning in Political Stability and Non-Violence: Evidence from Africa (August 21, 2014). Journal of Economic Studies, 43(1), pp. 141-164 (January, 2016).. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2541221 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2541221

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Jacinta C. Nwachukwu

University of Huddersfield - Business School ( email )

Queensgate
Huddersfield HD1 3DH
United Kingdom

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