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Thinking about Judges and Judicial Performance: Perspective of the Public and Court Users

25 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2014  

David Rottman

National Center for State Courts

Tom Tyler

Yale University - Law School

Date Written: December 21, 2014

Abstract

English Abstract: Studies of the courts, conducted primarily in the United States, suggest that the way legal professionals think about judging underpins nearly all official evaluations of judicial performance. The general public has a different view than lawyers of judging that merits consideration along with the type of criteria emphasized by the legal community. Research demonstrates that the public places the greatest importance on the extent to which a judge reaches decisions through a process that meets the public's expectations of fairness. Surveys of California residents and California attorneys are used to demonstrate the importance of procedural justice for explaining whether people have trust in the courts and regard court decisions as legitimate. The article describes and critiques existing judicial performance evaluation programs that incorporate procedural justice principles as a dimension for measuring judicial quality through both survey and observational methods.

Spanish Abstract: Los estudios sobre tribunales llevados a cabo principalmente en Estados Unidos, sugieren que la opinión sobre el hecho de juzgar de los profesionales del derecho están detrás de casi todas las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial oficiales. El público general tiene una visión del hecho de juzgar diferente a la de los abogados, que debe tenerse en cuenta junto con los criterios destacados por la comunidad jurídica. La investigación demuestra que el público da mayor importancia a que un juez tome una decisión a través de un proceso que cumpla con sus expectativas de justicia. Se emplean encuestas a residentes de California y abogados de California para demostrar la importancia de la justicia procesal, a la hora de explicar si la gente tiene confianza en los tribunales y perciben las decisiones judiciales como legítimas. El artículo describe y critica los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que incorporan principios de justicia procesal como una dimensión para medir la calidad judicial, tanto a través de encuestas como de métodos de observación.

Keywords: Judicial Performance Evaluation, judges, measurement, procedural fairness, Evaluación del rendimiento judicial, jueces, medición, legitimidad procesal

Suggested Citation

Rottman, David and Tyler, Tom, Thinking about Judges and Judicial Performance: Perspective of the Public and Court Users (December 21, 2014). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2541450

David Rottman (Contact Author)

National Center for State Courts ( email )

300 Newport Ave.
Williamsburg, VA 23185
United States
757-253-2000 (Phone)
757-220-0449 (Fax)

Tom Tyler

Yale University - Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 208215
New Haven, CT 06520-8215
United States

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