Contextualism's Third Way: Between Transcendental Truths and Contextual Factors

6 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2014

See all articles by Arash Khorashadi

Arash Khorashadi

Central European University; Central European University (CEU) - Department of Philosophy

Ebrahim Zargari Marandi

University of Tehran

Date Written: December 23, 2014

Abstract

It is asserted that the lack of any satisfying response to skepticism stems from the common grounds between epistemic theories and skepticism. One controversial candidate for being a notorious example of such grounds is “Epistemological Realism”- the idea that there exists (or should exist) invariant epistemic truths. While the majority of epistemologists, even some contextualists, claim that for avoiding relativism and skepticism we are obliged to approve of “Epistemological Realism”, a few number of critics state that believing in “Epistemological Realism” drives us to absolutionist dogmatism with a foundationalist model of knowledge. In this paper, it is argued that both parties are slightly wrong. We may eschew both of them by adopting a third alternative which says although all the contexts should have criterial facts for assessing judgements, there is no unique transcendental truth shared amongst all of them. To put it differently, even though an avowal like “any context has criterial facts” is a transcendental proposition per se, it is obtained through evaluating the structure of knowledge in various contexts.

Keywords: Epistemological Realism, Relativism, Absolute dogmatism, Foundationalism, Transcendental Truth, Contextualism

Suggested Citation

Khorashadi, Arash and Zargari Marandi, Ebrahim, Contextualism's Third Way: Between Transcendental Truths and Contextual Factors (December 23, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2542454 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2542454

Arash Khorashadi (Contact Author)

Central European University ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

Central European University (CEU) - Department of Philosophy ( email )

H 1051
Nador u. 9
Budapest
Hungary

Ebrahim Zargari Marandi

University of Tehran ( email )

Urbanism Dep.,Fac. Fine Arts, Uni. Tehran,Iran
Tehran, Tehran
Iran
0989125123527 (Phone)

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