Transnational Civil Society Coalitions and the World Bank: Lessons from Project and Policy Influence Campaigns

26 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2001

See all articles by L. David Brown

L. David Brown

Harvard University - John F. Kennedy School of Government - Hauser Center

Jonathan A. Fox

American University

Date Written: December 1999

Abstract

This paper draws on case studies of efforts by transnational civil society coalitions to influence projects and policies of the World Bank to develop lessons about policy influence campaigns. The paper argues that transnational coalitions that succeed in influencing multilateral institutions (1) fit campaigns to their targets, (2) open up the "cracks" in the system, (3) recognize various forms of impact, and (4) create footholds that give a leg up to those who follow. Accountability within coalitions depends on (5) building local bases, (6) building interorganizational "chains" to bridge gaps among coalition members, (7) using face-to-face negotiations to build trust and shared expectations, and (8) recognizing the power of small actors in the right chains.

Suggested Citation

Brown, L. David and Fox, Jonathan A., Transnational Civil Society Coalitions and the World Bank: Lessons from Project and Policy Influence Campaigns (December 1999). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=254272 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.254272

L. David Brown (Contact Author)

Harvard University - John F. Kennedy School of Government - Hauser Center ( email )

79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-2381 (Phone)
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Jonathan A. Fox

American University ( email )

4400 Mass Ave NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

HOME PAGE: http://jonathan-fox.org/

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