47 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2014 Last revised: 19 Sep 2015
Date Written: September 15, 2015
Acts of dishonesty permeate life. Understanding their origins, and what mechanisms help to attenuate such acts is an underexplored area of research. This study takes an economics approach to explore the propensity of individuals to act dishonestly across different contexts. We conduct an experiment that includes both parents and their young children as subjects, exploring the roles of moral cost and scrutiny on dishonest behavior. We find that the highest level of dishonesty occurs in settings where the parent acts alone and the dishonest act benefits the child. In this spirit, there is also an interesting, quite different, effect of children on parents’ behavior: parents act more honestly under the scrutiny of daughters than under the scrutiny of sons. This finding sheds new light on the origins of the widely documented gender differences in cheating behavior observed among adults, where a typical result is that females are more honest than males.
Keywords: cheating, dishonesty, ethical judgment, social utility, field experiment
JEL Classification: C91, D63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Houser, Daniel and List, John A. and Piovesan, Marco and Samek, Anya Savikhin and Winter, Joachim K., Dishonesty: From Parents to Children (September 15, 2015). GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 15-15; CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2543617 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2543617