Does Conditionality in IMF-Supported Programs Promote Revenue Reform?
33 Pages Posted: 31 Dec 2014
Date Written: November 2014
This paper studies whether revenue conditionality in Fund-supported programs had any impact on the revenue performance of 126 low- and middle-income countries during 1993-2013. The results indicate that such conditionality had a positive impact on tax revenue, with strongest improvement felt on taxes on goods and services, including the VAT. Revenue conditionality matters more for low-income countries, particularly those where revenue ratios are below the group average. Moreover, revenue conditionality appears to be more effective when targeted to a specific tax. These results hold after controlling for potential endogeneity, sample selection bias, and when revenues are adjusted for economic cycle.
Keywords: Fund-supported adjustment programs, Conditionality, Low-income developing countries, Tax revenues, Tax collection, Revenue administration, Tax reforms, structural conditionality, taxes, goods, tax policy, transactions, personal income, income tax, international transactions
JEL Classification: C33, E62, F33, H20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation