Where are All the New Banks? The Role of Regulatory Burden in New Charter Creation

37 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2015

See all articles by Robert M. Adams

Robert M. Adams

Federal Reserve Board

Jacob Gramlich

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Date Written: January 5, 2016

Abstract

New bank formation in the U.S. has declined dramatically since the financial crisis, from well over 100 new banks per year to less than 1. Many have suggested that this is due to newly-instituted regulation, but the current weak economy and low interest rates (which both depress banking profits) could also have played a role. We estimate a model of bank entry decisions on data from 1976 to 2013 which indicates that at least 75% of the decline in new bank formation would have occurred without any regulatory change. The standalone effect of regulation is more difficult to quantify.

Keywords: Bank Competition, Bank entry, Regulation

Suggested Citation

Adams, Robert M. and Gramlich, Jacob, Where are All the New Banks? The Role of Regulatory Burden in New Charter Creation (January 5, 2016). FEDS Working Paper No. 2014-113r. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2544677 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2544677

Robert M. Adams (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Board ( email )

20th and C Streets, NW
Washington, DC 20551
202-452-2653 (Phone)

Jacob Gramlich

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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