Migration and the Demographic Shift

74 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2015

See all articles by Anzelika Zaiceva

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO); UNU-MERIT; Maastricht University, Department of Economics; Free University Berlin; University of Bonn; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Journal of Population Economics


This chapter connects population aging with international migration. After documenting the trends for both, we review the supply-push and demand-pull determinants of migration, focusing particularly on the role of age and aging. We subsequently discuss the literature concerning the implications of migration in the context of aging for labor markets, health and public budgets including the political economy context. Although immigration is sometimes suggested as a solution for the aging problem, the existing academic literature from different fields is more cautious about its role and potential. While large-scale selective immigration might contribute to alleviating demographic pressures, it is unlikely that immigration will increase to the unrealistically large numbers needed.

Keywords: aging, migration, demographic pressures, elderly migration, attitudes towards migration, political economy of immigration

JEL Classification: F22, F66, J11, J14, J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Zaiceva, Anzelika and Zimmermann, Klaus F., Migration and the Demographic Shift. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8743, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2544807

Anzelika Zaiceva (Contact Author)

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

Viale A. Allegri 9
Modena, Modena 42121

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Klaus F. Zimmermann

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )


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UNU-MERIT ( email )

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Maastricht University, Department of Economics ( email )

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University of Bonn

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Bonn, D-53012

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

United Kingdom

Journal of Population Economics

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