Native-Immigrant Gaps in Educational and School-to-Work Transitions in the Second Generation: The Role of Gender and Ethnicity

40 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2015

See all articles by Stijn Baert

Stijn Baert

Ghent University; University of Antwerp; Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Frank Heiland

Baruch College, CUNY Graduate Center, CUNY Institute for Demography

Sanders Korenman

City University of New York - School of Public Affairs; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

We study how native-immigrant (second generation) differences in educational trajectories and school-to-work transitions vary by gender. Using longitudinal Belgian data and adjusting for family background and educational sorting, we find that both male and female second-generation immigrants, especially Turks and Moroccans, lag natives in finishing secondary education and beginning tertiary education when schooling delay is taken into account, though the female gap is larger. The same is true for residual gaps in the transition to work: native males are 30% more likely than comparable Turkish males to be employed three months after leaving school, while the corresponding female gap is 60%. In addition, we study demographic behaviors (fertility, marriage and cohabitation) related to hypotheses that attribute educational and economic gaps to cultural differences between immigrants and natives.

Keywords: educational attainment, school-to-work transitions, dynamic selection bias, ethnic minorities, gender differentials, economic sociology

JEL Classification: I24, J15, J16, J70, Z10, C35

Suggested Citation

Baert, Stijn and Heiland, Frank and Korenman, Sanders, Native-Immigrant Gaps in Educational and School-to-Work Transitions in the Second Generation: The Role of Gender and Ethnicity. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8752. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2544816

Stijn Baert (Contact Author)

Ghent University ( email )

University of Antwerp ( email )

Prinsstraat 13
Antwerp, Antwerp 2000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.uantwerpen.be/nl/personeel/stijn-baert/

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )

Place Montesquieu, 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.uclouvain.be/en-309318.html

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/personnel/photos/index_html?key=6832

Frank Heiland

Baruch College, CUNY Graduate Center, CUNY Institute for Demography ( email )

17 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10021
United States

Sanders Korenman

City University of New York - School of Public Affairs ( email )

135 E 22nd St
New York, NY 10010
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
35
Abstract Views
372
PlumX Metrics