Is it the Family or the Neighborhood? Evidence from Sibling and Neighbor Correlations in Youth Education and Health

30 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2015

See all articles by Elisabeth Bügelmayer

Elisabeth Bügelmayer

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Daniel Schnitzlein

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); University of Hamburg

Date Written: December 2014

Abstract

In this paper we present sibling and neighbor correlations in school grades and cognitive skills as well as indicators of physical and mental health for a sample of German adolescents. In a first step, we estimate sibling correlations and find substantial influence of shared family and community background on all outcomes. To further disentangle the influence of family background and neighborhood, we estimate neighbor correlations. Our results show that for all outcomes, estimated neighbor correlations are clearly lower than estimated sibling correlations. However, especially for cognitive skills and mental health, neighbor correlations are still substantial in relation to sibling correlations. Thus, compared to existing results from other countries, the influence of the neighborhood is not negligible in Germany for some outcomes.

Keywords: Sibling correlations, intergenerational mobility, neighbor correlations

JEL Classification: J62

Suggested Citation

Bügelmayer, Elisabeth and Schnitzlein, Daniel, Is it the Family or the Neighborhood? Evidence from Sibling and Neighbor Correlations in Youth Education and Health (December 2014). SOEPpaper No. 716, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2545766 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2545766

Elisabeth Bügelmayer (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Daniel Schnitzlein

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

University of Hamburg ( email )

Allende-Platz 1
Hamburg, 20146
Germany

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