Born with a Silver Spoon: Inequality in Educational Achievement Across the World

32 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Carlos Balcázar Salazar

Carlos Balcázar Salazar

World Bank

Ambar Narayan

World Bank, Poverty Global Practice

Sailesh Tiwari

World Bank; Brown University - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 1, 2015

Abstract

This paper assesses inequality of opportunity in educational achievement using the Human Opportunity Index methodology on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment. The findings suggest that there are large inequalities in learning outcomes as measured by demonstrated proficiency in Programme for International Student Assessment test scores in math, reading, and science. Differences in wealth, parental education, and area of residence explain a bulk of this inequality in most of the countries in the sample. Consistent with what has been documented previously in the literature, the paper also finds a strong and stable correlation between inequality of opportunity and public spending on school education. An exploration of the changes in inequality of opportunity between the 2009 and 2012 rounds of the Programme for International Student Assessment, using parametric and nonparametric techniques, suggests that there has been little progress.

Keywords: Education For All, Education for Development (superceded), Educational Populations, Economics of Education

Suggested Citation

Balcazar Salazar, Carlos and Narayan, Ambar and Tiwari, Sailesh, Born with a Silver Spoon: Inequality in Educational Achievement Across the World (January 1, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7152, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2546126

Carlos Balcazar Salazar (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Ambar Narayan

World Bank, Poverty Global Practice ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Sailesh Tiwari

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Brown University - Department of Economics ( email )

64 Waterman Street
Providence, RI 02912
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
111
Abstract Views
488
rank
267,102
PlumX Metrics