Demographic Responses to a Political Transformation: Evidence of Women's Empowerment from Nepal

37 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2015 Last revised: 27 Jun 2016

See all articles by Jayash Paudel

Jayash Paudel

University of Massachusetts Amherst, College of Natural Resources & the Environment, Department of Resource Economics

Pedro de Araujo

Colorado College

Date Written: May 26, 2016

Abstract

During the 2006 Democratic Movement in Nepal, the parliament unanimously decided to strip the over two century-old Shah monarchy of absolute power. We study the short-run effects of the arrival of democracy on different measures of women’s empowerment by exploiting exogenous variation in the government through abolition of the monarchy. This paper employs a propensity score matching estimator to evaluate the linkage between change in political regime and opinions related to women’s empowerment from 2006 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS). Results show that women’s say in decision making increased significantly, and opinions on violence against women strengthened. We further scrutinize the treatment effect estimates with Rosenbaum bounds and observe if they are sensitive to possible hidden selection bias. We also test for heterogeneity of the treatment effect across gender and find that males report higher probability of mutual household decision-making among couples than females.

Keywords: Monarchy, Women’s Empowerment, Propensity Score Matching Estimator

JEL Classification: C13, D78, J19, O53

Suggested Citation

Paudel, Jayash and de Araujo, Pedro, Demographic Responses to a Political Transformation: Evidence of Women's Empowerment from Nepal (May 26, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2546783 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2546783

Jayash Paudel (Contact Author)

University of Massachusetts Amherst, College of Natural Resources & the Environment, Department of Resource Economics ( email )

Amherst, MA
United States

Pedro De Araujo

Colorado College ( email )

14 E Cache La Poudre Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
67
Abstract Views
555
rank
337,257
PlumX Metrics