Impact of Taiwan's TPP Accession on the United States

53 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2015

See all articles by Dan Ciuriak

Dan Ciuriak

Ciuriak Consulting Inc.; C.D. Howe Institute; Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI); BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH; Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada

Jingliang Xiao

Infinite-Sum Modeling Inc.; Ciuriak Consulting Inc.

Date Written: September 27, 2014


This paper analyzes the impact on the U.S. economy of Taiwan’s accession to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement. While the TPP is to be concluded by the twelve current negotiating parties, other regional economies will be able to join, consistent with APEC’s endorsement of the TPP as a “pathfinder” approach to an FTAAP, which contemplates APEC economies that are ready to do so proceeding faster than others in deepening trade relations. Taiwan has clearly signaled its interest in acceding to the agreement. We evaluate the impact using a computable general equilibrium model that takes into account tariff liberalization, preference under-utilization and utilization costs, liberalized rules of origin, reduction of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) on goods and on cross-border services, and liberalization of foreign direct investment in services and the resulting implications for services trade through foreign affiliates. The liberalization assumptions are based on “best guesses” as to what the TPP agreement and the terms of Taiwan’s accession would actually be. The formulation of these assumptions is informed by the pattern of concessions that TPP parties have made in recent trade agreements and other information available on the TPP process. We find that Taiwan's accession generates significant benefits for the United States; based on the accession assumptions, the accession would not trigger US sensitivities.

Keywords: Taiwan, United States, Trans-Pacific Partnership, TPP, Asia-Pacific, trade liberalization, computable general equilibrium modelling, CGE

JEL Classification: F14, F15, F17

Suggested Citation

Ciuriak, Dan and Xiao, Jingliang, Impact of Taiwan's TPP Accession on the United States (September 27, 2014). Available at SSRN: or

Dan Ciuriak (Contact Author)

Ciuriak Consulting Inc. ( email )

83 Stewart St.
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6H9

C.D. Howe Institute ( email )

67 Yonge St., Suite 300
Toronto, Ontario M5E 1J8

Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) ( email )

57 Erb Street West
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 6C2

BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH ( email )

Romanstrasse 74
München, 80639

Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada ( email )



Jingliang Xiao

Infinite-Sum Modeling Inc. ( email )

16167,Glenbrooks Pl
Vancouver, BC - British Columbia v4n1t3
6047245981 (Phone)
6047245981 (Fax)


Ciuriak Consulting Inc. ( email )

83 Stewart St.
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6H9

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