The Dynamic Newsvendor Model with Correlated Demand
21 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2015 Last revised: 12 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 9, 2015
The classic newsvendor model was developed under the assumption that period-to-period demand is independent over time. In real-life applications, the notion of independent demand is often challenged. In this paper, we examine the newsvendor model in the presence of correlated demands. Specifically under a stationary AR(1) demand, we study the performance of the traditional newsvendor implementation versus a dynamic forecast-based implementation. We demonstrate theoretically that implementing a minimum mean square error (MSE) forecast model will always have improved performance relative to the traditional implementation in terms of cost savings. In light of the widespread usage of all-purpose models like the moving-average method and exponential smoothing method, we compare the performance of these popular alternative forecasting methods against both the MSE-optimal implementation and the traditional newsvendor implementation. If only alternative forecasting methods are being considered, we find that under certain conditions it is best to ignore the correlation and opt out of forecasting and to simply implement the traditional newsvendor model.
Keywords: Autocorrelated Demand, Demand Forecasting, Newsvendor
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