Wind Farm Siting Using a Spatial Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach: A Case Study of the Städteregion Aachen

FCN Working Paper No. 16/2014

52 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2015

See all articles by Tim Höfer

Tim Höfer

RWTH Aachen University

Yasin Sunak

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN)

Hafiz Siddique

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Power Generation and Storage Systems (PGS)

Reinhard Madlener

RWTH Aachen University

Date Written: November 2014

Abstract

Wind energy is one of the most important renewable energy sources in Germany and plays a key role regarding energy and climate policy targets of the German government. However, a further diffusion of wind farms involves strong spatial implications that refer to various adverse effects on landscape (onshore wind), noise level, and wildlife. Negative environmental impacts caused by the sometimes suboptimal siting of wind farms have induced an increasing gap between the social acceptance of this technology on the global and local levels. Particularly on the local level, siting processes of wind farm projects often trigger public protest. The aim of this paper is to improve the siting assessment by providing a holistic multi-criteria decision making approach that incorporates techno-economic, socio-political, and environmental criteria, which are defined in a way that social acceptance-related issues are specifically emphasized. We apply a GIS-based Analytic Hierarchy Process approach, where a group of local experts is asked to pairwise compare the incorporated criteria in order to derive the relative importance of each criterion. The results obtained indicate that 9.4% of the study area is still available for wind energy development, whereas only 1.74% of the region is characterized by high suitability. In particular, the northern part of the region still offers substantial unexploited wind energy potential. A comparison with the location of existing wind farms and a sensitivity analysis validate the reliability and accuracy of the model results.

Keywords: Wind farm siting, Multi-criteria decision making, Analytic hierarchy process, GIS

JEL Classification: C61, Q42, R10

Suggested Citation

Höfer, Tim and Sunak, Yasin and Siddique, Hafiz and Madlener, Reinhard, Wind Farm Siting Using a Spatial Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach: A Case Study of the Städteregion Aachen (November 2014). FCN Working Paper No. 16/2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2548520 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2548520

Tim Höfer

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

Templergraben 55
52056 Aachen, 52056
Germany

Yasin Sunak (Contact Author)

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN) ( email )

Mathieustrasse 10
Aachen, 52074
Germany

Hafiz Siddique

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Power Generation and Storage Systems (PGS) ( email )

Mathieustrasse 10
Aachen, 52074
Germany

Reinhard Madlener

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

School of Business and Economics / E.ON ERC
Mathieustraße 10
Aachen, 52074
Germany
+49 241 80 49 820 (Phone)
+49 241 80 49 829 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.eonerc.rwth-aachen.de/fcn

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
71
Abstract Views
680
rank
330,040
PlumX Metrics