Effect of Concession-Timing Strategies in Auditor-Client Negotiations: It Matters Who is Using Them
33 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2015
Date Written: June 22, 2014
In this study, we examine how norms about the use of negotiation strategies by different parties in an auditor-client negotiation influence the relative efficacies of these negotiation strategies. We conduct an experiment with experienced auditors/financial managers as participants, who enter into a negotiation on an income-decreasing audit adjustment with a hypothetical client/auditor who uses a strategy where the same concessions are given either at the start, gradually, or the end of the negotiation. We find that the concession-end strategy is more effective than the concession-start strategy when used by auditors; however, the reverse is true when these same strategies are used by financial managers. The concession-gradual strategy leads to superior outcomes when used by either auditors or clients. We also provide evidence that auditors’ and financial managers’ perceptions of the norms relating to the use of these strategies correspond to what we propose in our theory.
Keywords: negotiation strategies, auditors, financial managers, norms
JEL Classification: M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation