Are Firms in 'Boring' Industries Worth Less?
Charles A. Dice Center Working Paper No. 2015-02
47 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2015 Last revised: 17 Jan 2015
Date Written: January 13, 2015
Using theories from the behavioral finance literature to predict that investors are attracted to industries with more salient outcomes and that therefore firms in such industries have higher valuations, we find that firms in industries that have high industry-level dispersion of profitability have on average higher market-to-book ratios than firms in low dispersion industries. This positive relation between market-to-book ratios and industry profitability dispersion is economically large and statistically significant and is robust to controlling for variables used to explain firm-level valuation ratios in the literature. Consistent with the mispricing explanation of this finding, we show that firms in less boring industries have a lower implied cost of equity and lower realized returns. We explore alternative explanations for our finding, but find that these alternative explanations cannot explain our results.
Keywords: Market-to-book ratio, misevaluation, saliency, industry, cost of equity, profitability dispersion
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G31, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation