Regression Analysis on Ionic Liquid Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse and Assessment of Structural Changes

Biomass and Bioenergy, 36, 160-169.

21 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2015

See all articles by Li Wan Yoon

Li Wan Yoon

University of Malaya (UM)

Teck Nam

The University of Auckland

Gek-Cheng Ngoh

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Chemistry

Adeline Seak May Chua

University of Malaya (UM)

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

This study aims to perform a regression analysis which leads to the optimization on the operating conditions of ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([EMIM]oAc) pretreatment on sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The structural changes on SCB during pretreatment were also examined. The effects of temperature, time and solid loading on reducing sugar (RS) yield obtained from enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated SCB were investigated by applying Central Composite Design (CCD) of Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Results from CCD were modeled into a second order polynomial equation and the model shows a good correlation between predicted and experimental values. The optimized condition for [EMIM]oAc pretreatment were 145oC, 15 min and 14 wt% of solid loading with an optimum RS yield of 69.7%. Characterization of SCB was carried out and there were no significant difference between the chemical composition of untreated and [EMIM]oAc-pretreated SCB. Pretreated SCB was found to be porous, less crystalline and favorable to enzymatic hydrolysis as proven by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis. In short, [EMIM]oAc pretreatment shows good performance in improving the RS yield after enzymatic hydrolysis besides giving desirable structural modification on pretreated SCB. These are of great benefit to the subsequent downstream processes.

Keywords: Pretreatment, Ionic liquid, Sugarcane bagasse, Optimization, Central Composite Design, Reducing sugar

JEL Classification: C09, C93, N55, O13, Q00, Q10, Q16, Q20, Q23, Q40, Q42

Suggested Citation

Yoon, Li Wan and Ang, Teck Nam and Ngoh, Gek-Cheng and Chua, Adeline Seak May, Regression Analysis on Ionic Liquid Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse and Assessment of Structural Changes (2012). Biomass and Bioenergy, 36, 160-169., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2550030

Li Wan Yoon

University of Malaya (UM) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia

Teck Nam Ang (Contact Author)

The University of Auckland ( email )

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Auckland, AK 1010
New Zealand

Gek-Cheng Ngoh

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Chemistry

Jalan Lembah Pantai
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia

Adeline Seak May Chua

University of Malaya (UM) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia

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