Regression Analysis on Ionic Liquid Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse and Assessment of Structural Changes
Biomass and Bioenergy, 36, 160-169.
21 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2015
Date Written: 2012
This study aims to perform a regression analysis which leads to the optimization on the operating conditions of ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([EMIM]oAc) pretreatment on sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The structural changes on SCB during pretreatment were also examined. The effects of temperature, time and solid loading on reducing sugar (RS) yield obtained from enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated SCB were investigated by applying Central Composite Design (CCD) of Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Results from CCD were modeled into a second order polynomial equation and the model shows a good correlation between predicted and experimental values. The optimized condition for [EMIM]oAc pretreatment were 145oC, 15 min and 14 wt% of solid loading with an optimum RS yield of 69.7%. Characterization of SCB was carried out and there were no significant difference between the chemical composition of untreated and [EMIM]oAc-pretreated SCB. Pretreated SCB was found to be porous, less crystalline and favorable to enzymatic hydrolysis as proven by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis. In short, [EMIM]oAc pretreatment shows good performance in improving the RS yield after enzymatic hydrolysis besides giving desirable structural modification on pretreated SCB. These are of great benefit to the subsequent downstream processes.
Keywords: Pretreatment, Ionic liquid, Sugarcane bagasse, Optimization, Central Composite Design, Reducing sugar
JEL Classification: C09, C93, N55, O13, Q00, Q10, Q16, Q20, Q23, Q40, Q42
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