Moving Out of Academic Research: Why Scientists Stop Doing Research?

The University of Tokyo GraSPP Working Paper GraSPP-DP-E-15-002 and STIG-DP-E-15-002

45 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2015 Last revised: 17 Jan 2015

See all articles by Aldo Geuna

Aldo Geuna

University of Torino - Department Cultures, Politics and Society

Sotaro Shibayama

Lund University - Department of Business Administration; University of Tokyo

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 1, 2015

Abstract

This study examines the determinants of exit from academic research which occurs when academic researchers move into positions in academe which concentrate on non-research activities such as teaching or administration, or when researchers leave academia and move into industry. Drawing on career data for 13,500 Japanese PhD graduates in hard sciences (all scientific fields except social sciences and humanities), we develop a set of econometric models to test the determinants of exit from a career in academic research. We find that academics' scientific productivity and academic network are negatively correlated with abandoning a university research career, and that female academics, and researchers in less prestigious universities, tend to exit academic research more easily. Individual and institutional network effects play a role mainly for senior researchers. The results indicate also that the determinants of exit are contingent on scientific field and career stage.

Keywords: Researcher mobility, academic career, academic labor market, exit

JEL Classification: J44, O32

Suggested Citation

Geuna, Aldo and Shibayama, Sotaro, Moving Out of Academic Research: Why Scientists Stop Doing Research? (January 1, 2015). The University of Tokyo GraSPP Working Paper GraSPP-DP-E-15-002 and STIG-DP-E-15-002, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2550050 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2550050

Aldo Geuna

University of Torino - Department Cultures, Politics and Society ( email )

Lungo Dora Siena 100 A
Torino, 10153
Italy

Sotaro Shibayama (Contact Author)

Lund University - Department of Business Administration ( email )

Box 117
SE-221 00 Lund, S-220 07
Sweden

University of Tokyo ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://sotaroshibayama.weebly.com/

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